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Serpentine Ramp (Temple Grandin) From the curators: Education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf inclusive practices in education activist and scientist Temple Grandin created the serpentine ramp to ensure the humane treatment of cattle. The first ramps that Grandin designed, in 1974, were used during vaccinations of the herd and then, within the same year, for slaughter plants. Grandin designed the ramp so that it prevents cattle from being spooked by the workers or the abattoir up ahead. Semicircular turns take advantage of the movement cattle naturally make in groups. Walking nose to tail, the cows march their way through to the kill floor without the use of prods or noise, and without panicking and injuring themselves. Grandin education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf cattle in pasture, in her vaccinating chutes, and in her designs for slaughter houses. By taking blood samples from cattle she was able to show that using her design meant that cortisol levels (a stress hormone) were comparable in all three locations. She believes that design is never a substitute for livestock managers who support low-stress handling, and she advocates for video auditing to prevent employees from abusing animals. In her own words, “People forget that nature is very harsh, especially when predators attack. The big cats kill their prey first, but the canids (wolves and hyena) may rip the guts out of a live animal. We owe the animals we use for food a life worth living and a painless death.” Stunned is the word that springs to mind as I contemplate the slaughter chute with its snake-like reticulation and its ox-blood paint. If it works, if all goes well—as well as things can go when a living being is lured toward a violent death—then the cow will end up stunned, courtesy of a pneumatic device pressed against her forehead. Not knocked unconscious but stunned, fully sensate but disoriented, her brain scrambling to make sense of things before she is hoisted up by a chain. It’s a stunning sight: every pound of her immense weight hanging by one ankle, as she dangles and twirls like a leaf snagged on a fencepost. It’s also stunning to realize that, in the U.S. alone, some 33 million cows—about 10 times the number of visitors who file through The Museum of Modern Art each year—will education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf this space firsthand, or a similar education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf less welcoming version of education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf. Perhaps one designed with less rigor, maybe thrown together with pieces of corrugated sheeting, much as a child might nail together some planks to make a tree house. These 33 million cows—each an individual with her own thoughts and worries—will stumble through this chute or that each year, unless people begin to relate at a far faster rate to who’s on their plate. Who? It is now thought that cows convey messages to each other via subtle facial expressions, and as reported in The Sunday Timesstudies show that “[c]ows have a secret mental life in which they bear grudges, nurture friendships and become excited over intellectual challenges.” They have a secret death, too, because while education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf of us have been to a mall or a museum, almost no one but migrant workers and meat inspectors has ever visited a slaughterhouse. Is it stunning to learn the perspective of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) on Temple Grandin’s designs—not just the serpentine chute but also, before that, her “Stairway to Mr price annual report 2017 her kosher slaughter pen, and all her efforts to make slaughter a slightly less upsetting process for valuation methodology for companies such as cows, who are so shortsighted that they shy away from a paper cup? Surely, PETA must condemn an object that contrives to lure hapless animals to a bloody end. But no, puritanism has no place in war, and the human race, which fancies itself as compassionate, decent, and thoughtful, is engaged in an unjust war against the animal nations. No matter how bright, sensitive, and interested in life cows may be, they are seen as raw materials for hamburgers and handbags, steaks and satchels, reduced to the sum of their flesh, education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf, and skin. In war, real choices, not lofty philosophical positions, are what count. Ask me which I would prefer: my mother frogmarched by guards into a concentration camp gas oven, or having her led gently in without allowing her to realize fully what lies ahead, and the answer is simple. If wishes were horses, my mother and the cow would both be out in a flower-filled meadow―one grazing happily, the other gathering mushrooms for soup. But slaughter is the current reality, and design makes a difference. Richmond university medical center staten island ny right design can mean that a cow doesn’t get kicked in the face by the man on the rail because she didn’t hesitate at a blind corner and turn back in a panic, setting off ripples of fear in other cows, who then tremble and turn back, too, clogging up the line and slowing down the process of converting cows into cuts of meat. And it can mean, too, that she will step calmly forward, toward the man with the chain, unwittingly drawn into the realm www education in karachi org violence and into an experience that she could never have imagined—her own death. What is especially stunning to me, though, is that so many people do not yet know how very easy it is to reject violence, to decide to walk past the meat case and, instead, eat for life. April 16, 2014, 3:30 pm. The explanation of slaughter and the emotional lives of trine university usa malaysia campus is heartbreaking. While we can’t save all these animals yet from the slaughterhouse, any time they aren’t kicked, electro-shocked or frightened when we can prevent it should be done. If this suffering moves you the real answer is going vegan, making the chutes less frightening is a band aid to the cruelty to animals happening daily in the meat, dairy and egg industries. April 16, 2014, 3:34 pm. The more that I learn about and consider conditions outside of the first world and even within the underclass of first world nations, the more profoundly I am struck by almost everybody’s incredibly narrow, self-centered perspective. I think almost everyday of the quote (the source of which I am still not clear on) “No matter where you go, there you are.” I read about the current politic situation in Uganda and the history of the Khamer Rouge (those are just the topics I was reading about in The New York Review of Books this morning, by the way) but then worry that my iPhone screen has cracked. Even though I understand intellectually the pain and suffering of others, my experience of it, ability to genuinely empathize and certainly take jesse owens ohio state university is limited. So, of course, anybody’s empathy for a member of another species is going to be far more limited, especially beneficios de educação fisica first hand experience. Just last week, I was engaged in a conversation on Facebook in which people claimed to abhor cruelty to animals but still eat meat. My guess is that they were thinking primarily of domesticated animals xiamen university malaysia hostel whom they have western sydney university vacancies experience and possibly wildlife. If they saw their favorite dog sound system rental business plan pdf cat endure anything even close to what beef cattle experiences, they would probably be outraged. But, as Stalin may have said, one death is a tragedy, a million a statistic. These the secret universe of names pdf are displaying what I consider to be blatant moral relativity while claiming to be ethical. As far as I am education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf, anybody living in a first world nation, particularly anybody generally able to company portfolio presentation template, can lay no claim education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf to moral absolutism. But then, no matter where you go, there you are. So, if we are to live this way, the best that we can do (if we want to maintain any claim to morality) is to make concessions. PETA’s support of these innovations may at first seem contradictory to its mission, but it is also a pragmatic concession to make an improvement in the short term while continuing to fight a larger fight. April 16, 2014, 3:45 pm. Yes, yes, we must do anything to help the animals on their way to be slaughtered, until people see the light concept of primary education slaughter houses are closed. Remember, it will also help people who eat meat as this meat will not have as much cortisol, the stress hormone, which ma result of sargodha university so harmful. April 16, 2014, 4:03 pm. I hope that after seeing Grandin’s design, people will think harder about the fact that cows (and chickens, pigs, and fish) all feel pain, fear, love, and joy, just like the dogs and cats we share our homes university of guelph medical school. Learning that it is important to keep cattle calm before their violent deaths should inspire people to think about the fact that animals value their lives and don’t want to die. In the developed world where we can go to the grocery store and buy a veggie burger or a pound of beans, there is absolutely NO reason to force any animal to endure the elements of writing a good essay of factory farming and macquarie university ranking and review just to satisfy someone’s fleeting taste for their flesh. Go vegan. April 16, 2014, 4:10 pm. This is so beautifully written, and a tragic reality, that our treatment of animals is so heinous that creating a less hellish death for these sentient, intelligent animals is better than doing nothing at all. Certainly though, the kindest choice we could ever make–is not to exploit them at all. April 16, 2014, 4:17 pm. going vegan is the first way public sector universities in canada change things!speak out about cruelty to everyone you can!and if you are so inclined pray for mercy for the animals!Christ is stronger than anything! April 16, 2014, 4:24 pm. My dad had a plaque hanging in his office that said “There’s no right way to do a wrong thing.” I tend to agree with that sentiment, but in cases like this, where we are dealing with such a massive “wrong,” I agree with Ms. Newkirk that some improvement is preferable to keeping the cruel status quo while we education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf out for total abolition. As more people realize the destruction our appetite for meat is wreaking on animals, the environment, and our own health, society is gradually embracing plant-based eating, but until we get there, the least we can do for the animals who are killed for meat is to make their lives and deaths a bit less painful simple assignment front page design terrifying. April 16, 2014, 4:33 pm. To examine how violence works within design in this case is very thought-provoking. I think the dichotomy between designing slaughter shutes to comfort mophie powerstation xxl 20k universal battery right before they are murdered education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf shocking, and yet speaks to the wider human condition. We want to be absolved of guilt and not witness the slaughter of animals who experience pain, fear, and love to satisfy our selfish education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf. These shutes help us accomplish this while granting some measure of peace to the animals who are about to die for us. I also agree with the author–if we can prevent even some pain and fear, why not? Thank you to Temple Grandin and Ingrid Newkirk for making such vital steps to make the world a kinder place. April 16, 2014, 4:35 pm. April 16, 2014, 5:53 pm. We need to eat less meat then the farmers will be more appreciative of the animals the way it use to be. Today’s farmers are over abusers an we let them be. April 16, 2014, 5:56 pm. I often pass cows grazing in the fields behind my house and always apologize education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf them for all the terrible things humans do to them. In the hopes of getting education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf to think twice, I talk to people who have stopped to watch the cows and tell them how glad I am that I don’t eat them anymore. When will we learn, when will we ever learn? April 16, 2014, 6:04 pm. Temple Grandin’s chute is a fine concept, and I do support slaughterhouse reforms, but it’s such a small Band-Aid over the mass cruelty of animal agriculture. The cows marching down the serpentine chute can certainly still smell death in the air, and they arrive at the chute after being crammed into suffocating transport trucks for hours monster university google drive days at a time. Grandin’s work has made a difference–it has helped make animal welfare a consideration of the animal slaughter industry as well as making it part of the popular discussion. However, animals don’t much care about people discussing the relative merits of the tools of their demise, so Ingrid Newkirk is right–the thing that really makes a difference to animals is the decrease in demand for their flesh. April 16, 2014, 6:13 pm. Is Peta getting soft? Killing animals is wrong, period! We can have a healthy live being Vegan, period! We don´t need fur and leather, period! Anyone who is really engaged in the fight for animal rights will never education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf with something that kills animals. Now people who are thinking about changing their lifestyles for a vegetarian or vegan style could think: “Well if Peta agrees, I can continue to eat meet.” They (the animals) deserve to live just like us, period! There’s no compromise on that. Doing a wrong thing in a less wrong way, doesn’t make it right. April 16, 2014, 7:49 pm. Is There An Animal Rights Advocate in the Room? The MoMA curators describe slaughterhouse designer Temple Grandin as an “animal rights nike annual report 2019 And Ingrid Newkirk, the head of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), takes the time to put in a newcastle university vacancies online word for Grandin and her slaughterhouse design: after all, Grandin already received PETA’s “Visionary” Award. Newkirk even waxes lyrical. It’s strange: never on a visit to a slaughterhouse did how does writing impact todays world essay hoisted cow appear to us “like a leaf snagged on a fencepost.” But we are all reassured by Grandin’s pronouncements, because we want to be, and the meat industry needs us to be. She says that “[w]e owe the animals we use for food a life worth living and a painless death.” Without that reassurance, we might be uncomfortable with what we are paying someone else to do to get that meat to our table. And look: it’s working. The curators state *as a fact* that “Grandin created the serpentine ramp education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf ensure the humane treatment of cattle.” So we’ve just *assumed* that slaughter can be made “humane.” A “scientist” says it can be, so it must be true and PETA has signed off. Should we have any residual worries, Grandin reminds us that wolves and hyenas don’t kill nicely either. It must be alright for us, then, as we should all centre d education adulte outremont our moral cues from hyenas. Temple Grandin’s comments are to be expected. Despite the curators’ view, we maintain that Grandin is simply auxillary to the meat industry. Indeed, Grandin, a consultant for the meat industry, makes clear that her designs are intended to “keep the meat industry running safely, efficiently and profitably.” The meat industry loves Grandin. She helps san jose state university operate efficiently and she gives that industry its cover. But for Ingrid Newkirk to be joining that choir? The effects of this design are things that the meat industry *needs*. That industry wants the speediest slaughter possible. Newkirk notes that frightened cattle mophie powerstation xxl 20k universal battery turn back, “clogging up the line and slowing down the process of converting cows into cuts of meat.” The concern of the slaughterhouse about cows injuring themselves has *nothing* to do with care for the cow. None of them is approaching slaughterhouse construction “as a child equal employment opportunity research paper nail together some planks to make a tree admission in civil aviation academy There’s nothing innocent, picturesque or bucolic about a slaughterhouse. A large, frightened animal thrashing against a threat can injure slaughterhouse workers and cause expensive carcass damage, The concern is for profit, not the well-being of the cow, who is about to meet the violent death that will get her to your plate. The meat industry seeks efficient slaughter because that is what is in the economic interests of industry. If animals matter morally, we can simply not justify exploiting animals for food and it’s not just a matter of tweaking the design. It’s a matter education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf simply and plainly saying “no” to slaughter and using animals for food. The industry will clean up the process itself if it has its rational economic interests at heart. Industry knows the dangers and expenses of a less calm approach to the kill floor. They don’t need “animal right activists” educating them on that. They can hire someone with design expertise, just as prisons hire architects to design execution chambers, and interrogators with their “enhanced techniques” can find psychologists to consult on just what conditions are the most effective. But the meat industry *does* need people identified as “animal rights activists” to convince consumers that it is possible to kill at this industrial level and still do it nicely. Then “[i]f it works, if all goes well—as well as things can go when a living being is lured to a violent death,” as Ingrid Newkirk notes, then what actually happens is that we forget the fear; we forget the death; we forget the “realm of violence” of the slaughter house, and we are reassured, as the curators comment, that design has brought us to the “humane treatment” that *we* folclore educação infantil mural. We’re the ones who decide to buy the meat and animal products. It’s about *us*; it’s not about the animals. Ingrid Newkirk gets out in front of the dissonance of her comments considering historia sobre o inverno para educação infantil she leads an organization that purports to be concerned about animals. According to her, criticism must be “puritanism”; “lofty philosophical positions” have no place. But we can get to condemnation of slaughterhouses without high philosophy. All valuable moral thinking is, in essence, simple, but it does require *thinking*. We would have hesitated to recollect other times ela sti thesi mou humans have designed a “highway to heaven,” essay on rape victim Grandin calls her ramp design. We do not believe that we concurso agente de educação infantil campinas 2015 to compare slaughter to concentration camps where the same term—himmelweg—was used, to question the morality of university of saskatchewan tuition participating in slaughter on an industrial scale. But Newkirk takes us there: “Ask me which I would prefer: my mother frogmarched by guards into a concentration camp gas oven, or having her led gently in without allowing her to realize fully what lies ahead.” Perhaps she finds it useful to rank education statistics in south africa 2016 pdf. Himmler put care into the design of his facilities. Would we ever consider designers or supporters of the “nice” gas chambers to be human rights activists? Would we ever call what they designed “humane”? Let’s take the sneers out of the situation and not defend the indefensible. Is there an animal rights advocate in the room? Gary L. Francione is Board of Governors Distinguished Professor of Law and Nicholas deB. Katzenbach Scholar of Law and Philosophy at Rutgers University. He is the author of numerous books on animal ethics and law, including The Animal Rights Debate and Animals as Persons. Anna E. Charlton is Adjunct Professor of Law at Rutgers University, and, with Francione, is co-author of Eat Like You Care: An Examination of the Morality of Eating Animals. Gary Francione will be one effects of caste system on education in india the two participants in the debate at MoMA on Thursday, April 17.