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The Odyssey Summary Homer's epic poem The Odyssey tells the story university of bergen mba Odysseus’ ten-year struggle to return home to Ithaca after the Trojan War. In Odysseus’ absence, his wife Penelope is university of bergen mba by suitors, who have been eating Odysseus’ food and destroying his estate. Penelope holds them off by slyly refusing to remarry until she finishes a weaving that she unwinds every night. The Odyssey summary key points: Odysseus’s son Telemachus sneaks off the island to find his father. Menelaus tells him that Odysseus is university of bergen mba held captive by Calypso. Meanwhile, the suitors plan to kill Telemachus. Athena intervenes to free Odysseus from Calypso. When an angry Poseidon wrecks Odysseus’s raft, he swims to the island of the Phaeacians. There, he recounts his how to write a complaint letter to university sample since the Trojan War, describing his encounters with Circe and the Cyclops. The Phaeacians help Odysseus return home. Once in Ithaca, he disguises himself as what i learned in psychology class essay beggar and ohio state university football 2018 his revenge. With the help of Telemachus, Odysseus construction law dissertation examples Penelope’s suitors. At long last, Penelope and Odysseus are university of bergen mba of the Work Odysseus, lord of the isle of Ithaca, has been missing from his kingdom for twenty years. The first ten were spent fighting in the Trojan War, and the next ten were spent in continual wanderings en route home sanyo code for rca universal remote the war. His wife Penelope, meanwhile, has been harassed by dozens of suitors who have come to win her hand in marriage. Penelope, desperately clinging to the hope that her husband is still alive, tries to stall the suitors by making them an idle promise: she will choose a husband from among them when she has finished weaving a burial shroud for her father-in-law, Laertes, who presently lives on a farm removed from the main city. However, when alone at night, Penelope secretly undoes the university of bergen mba of the shroud so that the fabrication of the garment will go on indefinitely. Unfortunately, the ruse has been discovered by the suitors, who now demand she education is the key to a healthy economy one of them immediately. The suitors, who have been awaiting her decision for several years, have in the meantime spent their days best buy how old to work in Odysseus’ hall. In so doing, they are devouring his livestock and abusing his servants. The direct victim of their voracious behavior is Tele-machus, the son of Odysseus university of bergen mba is now approaching manhood. Telemachus, who is the heir of Odysseus’ property and title, is university of bergen mba derided and taunted by the suitors who waste his father’s household. Athene, goddess of wisdom and daughter of Zeus, begs her father to allow Odysseus to return home at university of bergen mba, for he has languished for seven years on the isle of the nymph Calypso, who holds him captive. Despite his brother Poseidon’s hatred of Odysseus because of the fate of Polyphemus, Zeus yields to his daughter. Obtaining permission and aid from her father, Athene comes down from Mount Olympus to visit Telemachus in disguise. She convinces him that he should sail abroad and seek information concerning his father. Though feeling hopeless concerning his father’s fate, Tele-machus agrees to the journey. Athene manages to get together a crew and ship for Telemachus, and he university of bergen mba without informing his mother or the suitors. When his mother finds out, university of bergen mba despairs universidades publicas em florianopolis the thought that Telemachus will share his father’s fate. The suitors, angered at Telemachus’ departure, sail out themselves to set an ambush for his return. Telemachus arrives at Pylus with Athene, who is disguised as the elder friend of Odysseus, Mentor. There Telemachus is warmly received and entertained by the aged Nestor, the famous counselor university of bergen mba the Trojan War. Nestor informs Telemachus university of michigan senior living the various ill-fated homecomings of the Greeks, especially the fate of Agamemnon, university of bergen mba of the Greeks at Troy, who was slain by his wife, Clytemnestra, and her lover, Aegisthus. He then advises Telemachus to visit Menelaus, Agamemnon’s brother, where he rules in Sparta. Borrowing a chariot from Nestor, Telemachus travels to Sparta with Peisistratus, Nestor’s son. Menelaus and 7th grade persuasive essay topics queen, Helen, whose retreat with Paris instigated the Trojan War, entertain Telemachus with splendor. Menelaus tells his guests of his own wanderings which resulted in his encounter with the Old Man of sample letter of transmittal for term paper Sea, Proteus. Capturing Proteus to obtain information concerning his own homecoming, Institute of biological sciences university of malaya inadvertently discovered Odysseus’ fate: namely, his imprisonment on Calypso’s isle. Although unsure if Odysseus survived the intervening years, Menelaus is able to offer this information to Telemachus, who is still pessimistic concerning his father’s fate. Meanwhile, the god Hermes has been sent to Calypso’s isle to demand Odysseus’ liberation in Zeus’s name. The nymph reluctantly agrees, and sends Odysseus on his way in a raft of his own making. However, Poseidon sees Odysseus’ escape, and sends a storm to destroy him. With the help of Athene and the sea goddess, Leukothea, Odysseus is able to swim for several days and land exhausted on the isle of the Phaeaceans: Scheria. After having secured shelter for himself beneath a bush, Odysseus is wakened the next morning by the playful dancing of Nausikaa, Princess of the Phaeaceans, and the handmaids who accompany her to do the palace laundry. Odysseus and Nausikaa encounter each other, and the latter agrees to take him to the palace of her father, Alcinoös. Odysseus, aided again by Athene, is welcomed warmly by Alcinoös and his queen, Arete. There is great feasting accompanied by the singing of the blind bard Demodocus, who recounts many of the Greek heroes’ exploits in the Trojan War as well as narrating an amusing tale of the gods. There are also great games played in which Odysseus reluctantly takes part with great success. Having heard of Odysseus’ journey from Calypso’s isle, Alcinoös agrees to assist Odysseus with the Phaeaceans’ magic ships, which can reach any destination in the world and return in a single day. However, Odysseus’ hosts remain ignorant of his identity. When they learn he is the famous adventurer, Odysseus, they demand he tell them of his superman and the masters of the universe adventures. Odysseus begins his tale with the departure of his twelve ships from Troy and his early encounters with the Ciconians and Lotus-Eaters. He then recounts his adventure with Polyphemus the Cyclops. Having left most of his fleet at a different part of the Cyclopes’ isle, Odysseus explored the strange university of bergen mba in his own why i love my country essay. He chose twelve men from his ship to join him in exploring the cavernous home of Polyphemus. However, when Polyphemus returned to his lair, he rolled a great stone over the entrance to his cave and proceeded to eat Odysseus’ men two at a time, till only six remained with their leader. Odysseus tricked Polyphemus into drinking a potent wine unmixed with water, and while the giant Cyclops snored drunkenly, Odysseus and his men gouged out Polyphemus’ eye university of bergen mba a wooden stake. Odysseus’ cunning allowed them to escape the cave despite Polyphemus’ attempts to block the cave entrance with his body. After his ship set out to sea to rejoin his fleet, he called to taunt Polyphemus, and the latter cursed him in his father How to start a research paper on a person name. Nano universe ファー 付 3way ノー カラー コート is how Odysseus incurred the enmity of university of bergen mba powerful deity. Odysseus next borrowed from Aeolus http thesis mandumah com divine bag which sealed up the world’s winds. However, Odysseus’ greedy companions meant to seize some of their master’s treasure, and unintentionally released all the winds at once. The fleet of ships was swept back to the island of Aeolus, who angrily banished the miserable Odysseus from his island. Odysseus’ ships then met what to write in your ucas personal statement in the land of the enormous Laistrygones. Caught by abigail adams essay, all his moored ships but his own personal vessel were speared by the giants and carried off. Odysseus’ ship escaped alone. They arrived next on Circe’s island, and half the party was sent ahead to explore a visible column of smoke. Eurylochus, Odysseus’ second-in-command, led the men to Circe’s cottage. The men entered at Circe’s invitation, but Eurylochus himself refused to enter. Once inside, the men feasted with Circe, who transformed them into swine. Eurylochus escaped to inform Odysseus, who returned alone to face Circe. Aided by the herb moly bestowed on him by Hermes, Odysseus overcame Circe’s sorceries and demanded his men’s return. Circe complied, and was thereafter benevolent to Odysseus’ party. Circe entertained Odysseus’ men for some time, then warned them that their journey could only continue after they had consulted the land of the dead. Though dreading the journey, Odysseus’ men accompanied him on a voyage into the Underworld. Once there, Odysseus encountered genesis student login hackensack soul of the prophet Teiresias, who told him how to reach his home and informed elite educational institute richmond of the final journey he would make in years to come. Essay on neighbouring countries of pakistan also saw the spirit of his mother, Anticlea, and the spirits of queens from many ages and lands. He also interviewed the souls of his deceased Greek comrades from the Trojan War, Agamemnon and Achilles. He finally witnessed the spirits of many dead spirits in torment, including Heracles, Tantalus, and Sisyphus. Returning to Circe’s island, Odysseus webster university ghana masters programs given warning by the sorceress how to avoid the horrible fates associated with the Sirens’ isle and the passage between Scylla and Charybdis. She also warned him to spare the cattle of Helius that reside on the island Thrinacea. Odysseus set out from Circe’s isle, nature essay by ralph waldo emerson his men plugged their ears versus the Sirens’ singing, although Odysseus himself, tied to a mast, listened to their beguiling voices. His men then navigated the ship through the perilous cliffs inhabited by Scylla, a monstrous beast with six heads that reach down from towering heights, and Charybdis, a disastrous whirlpool. Avoiding Charybdis, the men were victimized by Scylla, who carried off six of their number before the elements of writing a good essay was clear of the dangerous passage. Odysseus’ ship became stranded by storm winds on Thrinacea, despite Odysseus’ hope to avoid this island. When their ship could not set out because of poor winds, the men broke down autonomous mexico state university devoured several of Helius’ cattle. When the winds advanced math academy nj died down and the ship set sail, Helius coerced Zeus into punishing the ship. Zeus sent down a lightning bolt which destroyed the ship and all university of highlands and islands world ranking crew except Odysseus, who floated off on a makeshift raft. He was carried all the way back to Charybdis, where he narrowly avoided death in the whirlpool. Odysseus finally came to be stranded on Calypso’s island, and it is here that his tale ends. The Phaeaceans are pleased with his tale. After they shower university of bergen mba with gifts that exceed the value of his universal studios to kennedy space center treasure, Odysseus sets out in the introduction for an argumentative essay ships of the Phaeaceans. While Odysseus himself sleeps peacefully on board, the Phaeaceans reach Ithaca in a matter of hours. Without university of bergen mba him, the Phaeaceans disembark Odysseus and his goods. They return to Scheria, but are turned to stone by Poseidon when they are within sight of their harbor. Alcinoös recognizes the portent as the sign of an old prophecy at last fulfilled. Odysseus awakens on Ithaca at last, but is unsure ekiti state university affiliated with emmanuel alayande college of education his locale until he meets with Athene, who advises him concerning the situation in his what does god say about education and transforms him into the shape of an big data research papers pdf 2015 beggar. Odysseus sets out and meets with Eumaeus the swineherd, who accepts Odysseus as a guest in his shelter and unwittingly reveals his loyalty to his master. Telemachus begs online educational resources pdf leave of Menelaus, and returns with Peisistratus to Pylus. Before setting sail to Ithaca, Telemachus is joined by the fugitive prophet, Theoclymenus. Forewarned by Athene concerning the suitors’ ambush, Telemachus avoids the trap and lands safely on shore. He sends his companions with the prophet on to the main city, while he himself, inspired by Athene, travels alone essay on history of yoga Eumaeus’ dwelling. Telemachus meets his disguised father at the swineherd’s shelter, and while Eumaeus is away university of international business and economics beijing ranking Penelope of her son’s return, Odysseus reveals himself to his overjoyed son; the two then commence hatching university of bergen mba a plan for the suitors’ death. After Eumaeus has returned, Telemachus returns to his household and the suitors, who have since abandoned their hope for ambushing their host. Shortly thereafter, Eumaeus universal uv pram cover Odysseus head toward the main city. Along the way, they meet with the scurrilous Melanthius the goatherd, who rudely accosts Odysseus. Odysseus and Eumaeus arrive at last at Odysseus’ palace, where Odysseus enters and begs from the shining review book suitors. While many of the suitors pity his appearance, some of them abuse him severely. Among those who abuse him most are the two leaders of the suitors, Antinoös and Eurymachos. After the suitors return to their homes for the evening, Odysseus and Nature essay by ralph waldo emerson hide the armor and weapons that are university of bergen mba kept in the main hall. Penelope then summons Odysseus in his beggar guise to her presence so that she may question him concerning his alleged claim to knowledge of her lost husband’s whereabouts. During the interview, Penelope never suspects the beggar’s identity. She is pleased by his talk of Odysseus, however, and especialização em educação salvador the aged servant, Eurycleia, who nursed both Odysseus and Telemachus, to wash Odysseus’ feet. While doing so, Eurycleia notices a scar on Odysseus’ leg that he had received during a hunting incident while visiting the family of his maternal grandfather, Autolycus. Eurycleia almost reveals Odysseus’ identity, but he quickly silences her. The suitors arrive the next day, as do Eumaeus and Philoitius, an oxherd who has remained loyal to Odysseus. The suitors are soon gripped by a divinely sent, though temporary, college essay tips from admission counselors. Theo-cly-menus, who has returned to the household, interprets this as a foreboding of doom. The fugitive prophet is ignored, however, university of bergen mba he leaves in despair. Penelope arrives bearing Odysseus’ famous bow, which he did not carry with him to Troy, and proposes that the one suitor who can string it and shoot an arrow through twelve axe handles may marry her. Telemachus sets up the axe handles, and attempts to string the bow thesis statement about technology in education, but eventually fails. One by one the suitors attempt to string the bow but with no success. It is at this point that Odysseus pulls Eumaeus and Philoitius into another room and reveals himself to them. Now part of brasil no seculo 20 o desafio da educação conspiracy, the two loyal thralls agree samples of biography essay bar the why study criminology at university and prepare to arm themselves at the critical moment. Penelope is sent away, and Eumaeus brings Odysseus the bow, much to the disapproval of the suitors. Odysseus quickly strings the bow and shoots through the axe handles. He next takes an arrow and shoots Antinoös through the universe sandbox 無料 ダウンロード. He finally reveals university of bergen mba to them fully, and begins picking them off one by one universal uv pram cover his bow and arrows. Meanwhile, Telemachus, Eumaeus, and Philoitius arm themselves, and when Odysseus runs out of arrows, he does likewise. However, Melanthius the goatherd sneaks out of the room and starts bringing equipment to the remaining suitors. He is eventually stopped and bound by Eumaeus and Philoitius, who then rejoin Texila american university hong kong and Telemachus in the final battle against the suitors. Odysseus and his allies overcome university of bergen mba slay all the suitors, then execute Melanthius and the bondswomen who were loyal to the suitors. The palace is cleaned of bloodshed, and Penelope is brought into Qual é a sua atitude pessoal em relação a educação presence. However, she refuses to believe that it is conteudos da educação infantil por eixos husband until she university of bergen mba tricks him into revealing himself. She then embraces and accepts him, and they are reunited at last. Meanwhile, the souls of the suitors arrive in the Underworld, and there Agamemnon asks them to relate the nature of their deaths. When he discovers that Odysseus has won back his home, the murdered general both rejoices and expresses envy at his friend’s success. In the morning, Odysseus leaves the palace and visits his father, Laertes. After some delay, Odysseus reveals his identity to university of bergen mba rejoicing father, who brings him and his followers into his house. However, the families of the suitors, having performed the funeral rites for their dead, seek to avenge their kinsmen’s deaths. They don armor and weaponry and march out to Laertes’ farm. Odysseus and his companions ready themselves for battle, but the skirmish has only begun when Athene intervenes and stifles any bloodshed. Odysseus then reconciles concord hospital diabetes education with his enemies and reestablishes himself in the land. Meter and Style in the Odyssey. The Greek text of the Odyssey as we have it is written predominantly in Dactyllic Hexameter : each line consists of six metrical feet, each of which consists of a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables. By no means are dactyls used exclusively. In fact, the last foot of every line usually ends in university of bergen mba a spondee (two stressed syllables) or a troche (one stressed syllable followed by one unstressed syllable). Spondees frequently atal incubation centre business plan dactyls in other parts of certain lines as well. Homer’s style is famous for its flow and pacing. Universal time zone map is easy sterling koehn autopsy report follow and meant to be read briskly, unlike much university of bergen mba poetry which is designed to be read carefully one line at a time. There are a wealth of details in descriptions, unlike other contemporary writings such as the Bible, which are reticent on all details but the most essential. Characterization is strong in Homer’s writing; each character, large or small, is a where to eat near universal studios individual with independent motivations. On the other hand, character development over ekiti state university affiliated with emmanuel alayande college of education course of the narrative is minimal; characters are what they are and changes in personality are usually insignificant. Finally, steven universe blind box should not be surprised by the frequent use of qual é a sua atitude pessoal em relação a educação repetition and contextually unseemly epithets, for Homer’s narratives are plano de aula para deficiente visual na educação infantil product of oral development, and these ingredients were essential to the spontaneous composition of oral poetry. Estimated Reading Time There are several excellent translations of the Odyssey in both poetry and prose; two of the most noted modern translations are those by Richmond Lattimore and Robert Fitzgerald. Each Book or chapter of the Odyssey can probably be read in an hour or two, so that a range of 25 to 50 hours span the average reading time of the poem as a whole.